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f9488a8cf8 Work involves an element of violation or violence in which the worker interrupts nature in order to obtain and shape raw materials. Utilitarianism, Arendt claims, is based on a failure to distinguish between "in order to" and "for the sake of." The homo faber mentality is further evident in the substitution of the notion of "use value" for "worth" in economic discourse, which marks the beginning of the disappearance of a notion of a kind of worth that is instrinsic, as opposed to value, which is relative to human demand or need. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Arendt thinks that thinking of ourselves primarily as workers leads to a sort of instrumental reasoning on which it is natural to think of everything is a potential means to some further end. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) . 154 ^ Arendt, Hannah. External links. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.
Summary of the Book. But Marx then contradicts himself in foreseeing a day when production allows the proletariat to throw off the shackles of their oppressors and be free from labor entirely. In the modern world, not just slaves, but everyone has come to be defined by their labor: We are job-holders, and we must perform our jobs to meet our needs. Action is the means by which we distinguish ourselves from others as unique and unexchangeable beings. But in the end, Homo faber ceded primacy to animal laborans. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs more links to other articles to help integrate it into the encyclopedia. With humans, unlike with other beings, there is not just a generic question of what we are, but of who each is individually.